While highlighting the challenges Turkish foreign policy in Africa faces, Evangelos Areteos also makes a case of this policy being a combination of "public diplomacy and visionary strategic pragmatism". This combination has led to a new paradigm in Turkish foreign policy.
Recently, AKP and Erdogan have been facing challenges from their own backward, the “huzursuz muhafazakarlar” - the “restless conservatives”. This group's actions put into question how long the dominant narrative of Turkey’s grandeur can remain sustainable.
By Evangelos Areteos: "The Mavi Vatan (Blue Homeland in English) naval doctrine of Turkey has lately emerged as one of the pillars of the Turkish foreign and security policy, aiming at establishing Turkey as a vast regional naval power in and around the Mediterranean"
The shadowy relations of the state with organized crime have become the central plot of a very popular sub-genre of Turkish TV series. This sub-genre of TV series, where the state and its survival intertwine with the organized crime had started with the TV series and films “Valley of the Wolves” and it resurfaced with the TV series “Eşkıya Dünyaya Hükümdar Olmaz” – Bandits. However, a new sub-genre has lately emerged, where organised crime is depicted as the way of survival of urban poor, and by doing so, it has reframed the popular culture of contestation of the legitimacy of the state.
The dilemma between an ideologically re-invented past of Ottoman greatness – which “legitimizes” the greatness of today’s Turkey – and the economic and social realities, as they are shaped by the pandemic, continuously shape Turkish identity and politics even today.