European-Khaleeji Rule in Lebanon: Hegemonic Control over Popular Lebanese Organisation

By Petros Petrikkos

This analysis focuses on how European nations (inclusive of the EU as a whole) and Gulf countries (inclusive of the Gulf Cooperation Council) have been exercising financial control over Lebanon’s autonomy and overall functions as an independent state-entity. The analysis employs a Gramscian approach in interpreting how Lebanon’s popular organisation has been eradicated by increased financial control, foreign intervention in domestic matters, as well as inhibiting the growth of healthy civil society. Based on fieldwork in Beirut, the general discourse of this analysis gears towards a critique of the existing influences shaping Lebanese society. These external influences and the agendas they employ lead to the destruction of popular mobilisation.

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